Who can develop a retinal disease?
The retina and the optic nerve are important parts of the eye that allow us to perceive our surroundings and see clearly. However, the retina can become diseased and impair your vision. In the worst case scenario, blindness occurs.
Retinal diseases occur more frequently in old age and in certain risk groups. A timely diagnosis and treatment by an ophthalmologist can prevent irreparable damage.
Risk factors for retinal diseases
Retinal diseases can be developed by those belonging to the risk group. Retinal diseases that can lead to retinal detachment or retinal holes can have different causes. Previous illnesses, hereditary diseases and external influences are often the reason for a damaged retina.
Previous illnesses favor retinal diseases
Pre-existing conditions that have a negative impact on the blood vessels also affect the health of the retina. Heart and vascular diseases such as high blood pressure, metabolic disorders, bad cholesterol levels and diabetes are among the most common diseases that sooner or later also affect the vessels of the retina and can severely damage them.
Retinal disease in old age
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the most common retinal diseases in old age. AMD leads to a considerable loss of vision and, if left untreated, can lead to blindness. The risk of developing AMD increases with age. That is why we recommend an annual check-up by an ophthalmologist from the age of 55 on in order to be able to treat the disease in good time.
Hereditary retinal diseases
About 30,000 Germans are affected by a hereditary retinal disease. This term includes various, sometimes rare, eye disorders that are hereditary. The genome of the affected person is changed in such a way that the retina is slowly but progressively destroyed. Those affected suffer from progressive loss of vision. Anyone who is aware of a hereditary predisposition should see an ophthalmologist regularly and have the status of the findings checked. A holistic cure for hereditary retinal diseases does not yet exist, but various treatments can slow down the progression of the disease or make it easier for those affected to cope with the disease.
Retinal diseases due to external influences
A retina can also suffer damage from external influences, without any previous illnesses. For example, through an accident, a blow or other force applied to the eye and the tissue behind it. In the worst case, eye surgery can also damage the retina.
Constant inflammation of the eye can also result in a retinal disease.
Preventing risk factors for retinal diseases - here's what you can do!
Retinal diseases are rarely noticed at the beginning. Loss of vision often occurs when it is too late for complete healing.
- If you belong to a risk group, we recommend an annual preventive check-up. More often, if necessary, depending on the findings. In this way, the course of the disease can be monitored and possible changes can be treated in good time.
- If there is no known hereditary or health condition, but you suffer from poor eyesight such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, we recommend a check-up every two years.
- In the event of noticeable visual impairment or significant impairment, please consult an ophthalmologist immediately.
Further information on the subject of retinal disease
Don't be afraid of the ophthalmologist!
Our ophthalmological practice specializes in the detection and treatment of retinal diseases. We use the latest technologies in ophthalmic medicine, work very sensitively, absolutely sterile and particularly precisely, so that examinations and treatment can be experienced quickly and painlessly.