To the ophthalmologist if the retina is diseased Treatment of retinal diseases

With a retinal disease, the function of the retina is disturbed sooner or later. For those affected, this means impaired vision up to and including complete blindness. The retina can be affected by a disease in different ways. The timely diagnosis and treatment of retinal diseases can avoid irreparable consequential damage.

Retinal Diseases | Retinal damage | Retinopathy

Important questions and answers

What is the retina and what is its function?

The retina is part of the eye and is located in the posterior section behind the lens and vitreous humor. It is a layer of nerves that is particularly sensitive to light and ensures that we can see. The central retina – called macula – is called the point of sharp vision because only here, sharp vision is possible. It allows near and distant objects to be seen clearly and also enables reading.
According to this, the retina generates the image of the environment and transmits it to the brain via the optic nerve.

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What retinal diseases are there?

If the retina is diseased, the ophthalmologist speaks of retinopathies. As a rule, circulatory disorders are the cause. On the one hand, the macula can become diseased, which impairs clear vision. But the rest of the retina can also be damaged by poor blood circulation and vascular occlusions. Retinal detachment or retinal holes are then the cause of poor vision in the entire field of vision.
In the worst case scenario, blindness is possible.

How can retinal damage be noticed?

Impaired vision is a clear sign of a retinal disease. Loss of visual acuity, flickering, soot rain or distortions in the field of vision also indicate a disease of the retina. Loss of vision is a symptom that can be perceived by the patient.

Ophthalmologists are able to recognize retinal diseases before the patient.

Risk factors for retinal diseases

Various health conditions can affect the retina. Since the retina is a particularly sensitive tissue with fine blood circulation, vascular diseases such as high blood pressure, metabolic disorders and diabetes have a negative effect on the health of the retina. As a result, the retina can become ill in different ways.

A retinal disease can also be hereditary.

Retinal diseases develop slowly and often unnoticed by the person concerned, especially at the beginning. The noticeable symptoms of a retinal disease manifest themselves relatively late. The more advanced the retinal damage, the more difficult a successful therapy becomes. Not infrequently, irreparable damage remains.
That is why a regular check-up by the ophthalmologist is particularly important for high-risk patients .

Forms of retinal diseases

Retinal diseases can be divided into different forms. These include:

  • Retinal diseases due to circulatory disorders
  • Age-related retinal diseases
  • Inflammation-related retinal diseases
  • Hereditary retinal diseases

Learn more about forms of retinal diseases here:
Which forms and symptoms can retinal diseases have?

Retinal diseases - Treatment at the ophthalmologist

For many people, seeing is the most important sense, because our world is built on sight. This makes it all the more important to have healthy eyes and a timely diagnosis of possible diseases of the retina. Otherwise there is a risk of considerable deterioration, including loss of vision. We diagnose and treat retinal diseases using modern technologies. Our competent team of ophthalmologists diagnose retinal diseases at an early stage which increases the chances of a successful treatment.
Find out more about our services specifically for retinal diseases .

Additional information about retinal diseases

Don't be afraid of the ophthalmologist!

Our ophthalmological practice specializes in the detection and treatment of retinal diseases. We use the latest technologies in ophthalmic medicine, work very sensitively, absolutely sterile and particularly precisely, so that examinations and treatment can be experienced quickly and painlessly.

  • Dr Lemmen Vorschaubild

    PD Dr. Klaus Dieter Lemmen


    Many years of experience as senior physician and chief physician in specific eye clinics. Focus: Age-related macular degeneration, retinal diseases and diabetes-induced retina diseases

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  • Dr. K Vahdat Vorschaubild

    Dr. Katarina Vahdat


    Focus: general ophthalmology and pediatric ophthalmology. Treatment of various macula diseases, diabetic retinopathy and diabetic maculopathy

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