How are retinal diseases diagnosed and treated?
Various examinations and technologies are available to identify and treat retinal diseases. The following is an overview of the special options for retinal diseases.
Diagnosis and treatment of retinal diseases
Depending on the form of the retinal diseases , the disease sooner or later becomes noticeable in the form of visual impairments. For risk groups this means regular check-ups with the ophthalmologist. The earlier a pathological change in the eye is recognized, the greater the chance of a successful therapy. At the ophthalmologist’s first step, the eyes are examined for specific disease characteristics and then the appropriate therapy is selected and carried out.
Ophthalmological examinations for retinal diseases
If there is a suspicion of a retinal disease , an ophthalmological examination will be carried out. The following examinations are available from an ophthalmologist to diagnose a retinal disease:
The ophthalmological examination for a possible retinal disease consists, among other things, of an eye test.
Wide angle view of the retina – Optos.
During an ocular fundus examination, the retina is examined using a slit lamp.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the macula and the optic nerve
This is a non-invasive examination that makes it possible to visualize the macula and the optic nerve in order to identify any damage that may be present.
OCT angiography of the macula
This is a non-invasive examination that makes it possible to visualize the vessels of the retina in order to identify vessels that are not or only poorly supplied with blood.
Fluorescence angiography of the retina (in cooperation with St. Martinus Hospital)
A conventional vascular examination using fluorescent dye is also possible – fluorescence angiography. This is an invasive ophthalmological examination. A fluorescent dye is introduced into the bloodstream through an access in the arm vein. A special camera makes this dye visible in the retina. Vessels not supplied with blood can be easily identified in this way.
Ophthalmological treatment for retinal diseases
The following treatment options are available for therapy specifically for retinal diseases, which are used depending on the individual findings.
Laser therapy of the retina
Laser therapy is often suitable for treating a retinal disease. The diseased areas of the retina are treated with a laser.
Intravitreal drug injection
Injection therapy involves injecting medication into the vitreous humor of the eye. We use drugs such as Lucentis, Eylea, Avastin and Ozurdex for the treatment of macular and retinal vascular diseases.
Further information about retinal diseases
Don't be afraid of the ophthalmologist!
A reliable diagnosis and treatment in the early stages of retinal disease has a better chance of successful therapy. Our ophthalmological practice specializes in the detection and treatment of retinal diseases. We use the latest technologies in ophthalmic medicine, work very sensitively, absolutely sterile and particularly precisely, so that examinations and treatment can be experienced quickly and painlessly.